Myopia is another name for nearsightedness. Myopia can make daily tasks or attending school very difficult. Fortunately, myopia management can be successful with the help of an eye doctor. Ella Eyes of Houston, TX, is here to help.
Here’s what you need to know about myopia and its treatment.
What Causes Myopia?
You’re born with myopia. Since myopia runs in families, if you have myopia, the chances are high that your kids will, too. Either you were born with eyeballs that are too long, or corneas that curve too much.
In optometry, these slight imperfections in eye structure are called refractive errors. Images need to be focused on the retina. With myopia, images are focusing just in front of the retina. It is possible that an extreme injury to the head and eyes can cause myopia, but that’s rare.
Myopia After the Age of 20
If nearsightedness develops after a person is 20, it usually means there is a serious underlying illness, like diabetes, affecting the eyes, or possibly a growth. Cataracts can cause blurry vision, even for people already wearing prescription glasses or contacts.
Don’t Ignore Myopia
Nearsightedness does not get better by itself over time. If you want to see better, you need to get an eye exam and get treatment. The three main forms of nearsightedness control are glasses, contact lenses, including night contact lenses, and surgery.
One of the most common ways of treating nearsightedness is with prescription glasses. Children, especially small children, quickly get used to wearing them. Over time, glasses become so comfortable that you may forget you have them on. Since the eyes can change over time, it is recommended you visit your eye doctor every year.
There are two types of contact lenses that help myopia. The first is the usual type worn in the day and taken out at night. The second is night contact lenses, which are worn as you sleep. They’re also called orthokeratology, ortho-k, or cornea reshaping lenses. You wear ortho-k contact lenses at night, and you should see well enough for a day or two without the need for glasses or daytime contacts.
Nearsightedness can be corrected with LASIK surgery. You need to have an eye exam to make sure your eyes are healthy enough for LASIK. People with extremely bad myopia are usually not considered good surgical candidates because they are prone to getting glaucoma.
Still Have Questions?
If you have additional questions about myopia management or eye care that have not been answered here and you live in the Houston, TX, area, contact Ella Eyes by emailing [email protected] or by calling (713) 722-9066 to schedule an eye exam today.